Headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, Southern Company is currently the eighth largest utility company in the world, the second largest in the U.S. and the largest in the southeastern U.S. It operates in the southeast United States and is the parent company to the Alabama Power, Georgia Power, Gulf Power and Mississippi Power utilities, as well as other subsidiaries that include nuclear power generation. 77% of Southern Company’s electrity is generated from fossil fuels, predominantly coal.
Many of Southern Company’s power plants were exempted from the Clean Air Act’s 1977 requirements to install modern pollution control equipment because they were built from the 1950s to the 1970s.
The first three quarters of 2010 brought Southern Co. over $1.8 billion in profit; the company made over $6.6 billion from 2005-2009.