Founded in 1984 in Chicago, the Heartland Institute is a libertarian "think tank" that bills itself as "a national nonprofit research organization dedicated to finding and promoting ideas that empower people."
The Institute has received criticism since its early days for taking anti-regulatory positions on public policy beneficial to their corporate sponsors while attacking scientific research that contradicts their policy stances. In the early 1990's, Heartland fought government regulations on tobacco by denying the health effects of second hand tobacco smoke, while taking significant funding from tobacco corporations like Reynold American Inc. In recent years, Heartland has attacked carbon regulation by denying the existence of global climate change, while taking funding from ExxonMobil, the Koch Brothers, Nucor Steel, and other corporations in carbon intensive industries.
Heartland has also denied pollution's role in causing acid rain and the depletion of the ozone layer, and taken strong stances against the Endangered Species Act and president Obama’s healthcare reform.
The Institute puts out several publications, including "Environment & Climate News" which frequently features anti-environmentalist and climate skeptic writing.
The Heartland Institute's stance on climate change generally shifts between claiming the earth is not warming and claiming it is warming, but the warming will be beneficial. However, Heartland is consistent in their opposition to limiting the amount of carbon corporations are allowed in to put in the air.